Decentralised Teaching and Learning

“Not all who wander are lost”. J R R Tolkien

Anger is an energy!

After criticising an established ELT website last week I wasn’t prepared for the negative reaction I would get. My criticisms were not all valid, but I believe that some were  and I stand by them. But let’s leave that aside for a moment. In this post I’m going to talk about my ‘3 questions for ELT’.

So first,

What’s wrong with anger?


Critical thinking has become popular in ELT. Note this presentation at IATEFL 2011 by Lindsay Clandfield and this article from the OUP Global Teaching Blog. This is a quote from the blog:

Critical thinking essentially means having a questioning, challenging, analytical state of mind. A critical mind is comfortable with a degree of scepticism and doubt; it is a mind that is open to reinterpreting and refining its knowledge, and accepting that what we know may change in the light of new knowledge.

The article goes on to say that “Part of our job as language teachers – and more broadly as educators – is to develop our students’ critical thinking competence.” My second question is:

how can we foster critical thinking in our learners when we can’t do it ourselves!?

Critical Thinking and ELT Blindspots

I had the idea for a ‘Teachers as Workers’ SIG within IATEFL (see “The ‘V’ moment post”). The spirit of the idea was merely to ‘have a conversation about working conditions in ELT’. Nicola Prentis of Simple English mentioned this on her blog, we exchanged ideas and she then put together a proposal for a ‘Teachers as Workers’ SIG within IATEFL. This was then submitted to IATEFL and overwhelmingly rejected.  One of the reasons was that this idea did not count as ‘professional development’. I also conducted a twitter poll around the same time in which teachers voted overwhelming in favour of the idea.

twitter poll What I am surprised by is that the overwhelming majority of people who have power inside IATEFL and also many others inside the industry have been vociferously against the idea of merely having this conversation (though again, ordinary teachers are very sympathetic to the idea). The arguments presented against my idea usually go something like this:


“If you don’t like your working conditions or your employer then just go somewhere else”

Premise 1: You don’t like your working conditions

Premise 2: Some employers may be bad

(Hidden premise 1) You have the power and resources to leave your employer and find another job

(Hidden premise 2) There are lots of jobs out there

Conclusion: You should go somewhere else

Hidden/ implied conclusion: Nothing needs to change


“It’ll never work, too complicated, people work in too many different countries and situations”

Premise 1:  Addressing working conditions is a complicated task

Premise 2: It’s (more) complicated because people work in too many different countries and situations

Premise 3: It’s too complicated to deal with (because…)

(Hidden premise) If you do address working conditions, you will fail

Conclusion: Addressing working conditions will never work in ELT

Hidden/ implied conclusion: Nothing needs to change

In Argument 1, the conclusion only follows on from the premise if you say that ‘All teachers who don’t like their working conditions have the power and resources to leave their employers’. And this is patently false. What about teachers with families? Or those tied to a contract with an ‘end-of-year’ bonus?

In Argument 2, there is no logical connection between the task being complicated and never being achievable. Just because a task is complicated is not a reason it will fail. If this was true we wouldn’t have constitutions, DIY or spaceships.

Whenever I bring up the idea of examining working conditions, I have the same uncritical ‘arguments’ thrown at me again and again. And they are based on the hidden assumption or belief that nothing needs to change. This is uncritical and dogmatic – the very opposite of what we are supposed to foster in our learners!

But you just have a chip on your shoulder!

This is a cheap way of silencing criticism. If you get angry about something and want change, you have a chip on your shoulder. Then no one needs to listen to you anymore.  I think that a more productive way of looking at this is Fixed versus Growth mindsets.

Fixed versus growth mindsets

The psychologist Carol Dweck in her book Mindset: The New Psychology of Success states that our ‘mindsets’, the basic beliefs we carry, can profoundly affect our lives. A Fixed mindset assumes that phenomena such as character and creative ability are fixed and static and that we can’t change them; therefore success is an affirmation of these fixed qualities (like IQ). A Fixed mindset often gives up when presented with obstacles, challenges are to be avoided and they tend to be threatened by the success of others. A Growth mindset does not give up when presented with obstacles, embraces challenges and finds inspiration in the success of others. A Growth mindset is resilient.

My third and final question.

In order for us to become 21st century teachers don’t we need to adopt a Growth mindset?

Where do I find the people who have a growth mindset – if not in ELT? Reform Symposium 2014!

I mentioned anger at the start of this post. Why am I angry? I am angry because I’m passionate about something: about education, about injustice in the world, about politics. On a local level I’m  angry that there’s so much deference and fear in my ELT community: ‘don’t offend the wrong people’, ‘you’ll never get another job if you say that’, ‘you’ll be blacklisted if you criticise the schools here’.  A community that perpetuates this kind of thing is NOT a professional community that I want to be a part of, or a community fit for the challenges of the 21st century.

After a terrible week, and while sitting at my desk marking dozens of test papers I stumbled across the amazing Reform Symposium 2014. I spent the entire weekend listening to the amazing presenters (such as this one by Amy Burvall on RemixED: The Power of Remix, Mashup, and Recontextualization in the Classroom) and moderators who gave their time for free (!!). I was especially struck by Shelly Terrell’s tearful, angry and passionate comments on Sunday saying that (and I’m paraphrasing) ‘if you’re not passionate about what you do then you shouldn’t be teaching’.

If anger is driven by passion then what’s wrong with that? Anger is the oldest disruptive technology in the world!

“You should be angry. You must not be bitter. Bitterness is like cancer. It eats upon the host. It doesn’t do anything to the object of its displeasure. So use that anger. You write it. You paint it. You dance it. You march it. You vote it. You do everything about it. You talk it. Never stop talking it.”

(Maya Angelou in interview with Dave Chappelle)

This is not the same as complaining, which I have been accused of. Complaining is a slow, seeping out of resentment which no one wants to be around. But anger is something completely different.

The Reform Symposium 2014 was given freely by educators for other educators, wanting nothing back but the positivity of their community and the fellowship of their peers. The event was sponsored, but we weren’t pushed to buy stuff. And what was the result? Even though I was miles away from the presenters, I felt included, I felt part of a positive community and I felt valued. This is something I also felt at the Berlin LinguaCamp, whose motto is ‘there’s no audience, only participants!’

But this is something I rarely feel in ELT.


This is the future: Share. Decentralise. Adopt a ‘growth’ mindset. Follow the free.

Maybe even get angry.

2013 Reform Symposium E-Conference (RSCON)

*Featured image courtesy of David Corio on Flickr (CC License 2.0)

4 comments on “Anger is an energy!

  1. eflnotes
    July 15, 2014

    hi paul

    i can’t believe anyone puts argument 1 forward with a straight face :/

    nice try with ITAFEL SIG thing, it forms part of the struggle for better working conditions. “struggle” is a grounded, honest way to see things in general i think. certainly anger will at times help in the struggle!

    what was the website you criticised?



  2. eflnotes
    July 15, 2014

    there’s a good read on special interest groups in IATEFL here h/t @tornhalves


  3. Matthew
    July 16, 2014

    Lots of good for thought, thank you!


    • Matthew
      July 16, 2014

      *food (good food!)


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